Lisebelisoa tse Ncha tsa Ntoa ea Elektronike: Ts'ebetso ea Multispectral le Mission-Adaptive Sensors

Joint All-Domain Command and Control (JADC2) hangata e hlalosoa e le ntho e khopisang: OODA loop, kill chain, le sensor-to-effector.Tshireletso ke karolo ea "C2" ea JADC2, empa ha se seo se tlileng pele kelellong.
Ho sebelisa papiso ea bolo ea maoto, kotara e hapa tlhokomelo, empa sehlopha se nang le ts'ireletso e ntle ka ho fetisisa - ebang se matha kapa se feta - hangata se etsa hore e be tlhōlisano.
The Large Aircraft Countermeasures System (LAIRCM) ke e 'ngoe ea litsamaiso tsa IRCM tsa Northrop Grumman 'me e fana ka tšireletso khahlanong le limisaele tse tataisoang ke infrared.E kentsoe mefuteng e fetang 80. Ho bontšitsoe ka holimo ke tlhomamiso ea CH-53E.Setšoantšo ka thuso ea Northrop Grumman.
Lefatšeng la ntoa ea elektroniki (EW), mabone a motlakase a nkuoa e le lebala la lipapali, ka maqheka a kang ho shebisisa le ho thetsa bakeng sa tlolo ea molao le seo ho thoeng ke mehato ea ho itšireletsa.
Sesole se sebelisa matla a makenete a motlakase (a bohlokoa empa a sa bonahale) ho lemoha, ho thetsa le ho sitisa lira ha a ntse a sireletsa mabotho a botsoalle.Ho laola matla ho ba bohlokoa haholo ha lira li ntse li e-ba le bokhoni le litšokelo ho feta.
"Se etsahetseng lilemong tse mashome a seng makae tse fetileng ke keketseho e kholo ea matla a ho sebetsa," ho hlalositse Brent Toland, motlatsi oa mopresidente le mookameli oa kakaretso oa Northrop Grumman Mission Systems 'Navigation, Targeting and Survivability Division. bandwidth e pharalletseng le e pharalletseng hang hang, e lumellang ts'ebetso e potlakileng le bokhoni bo phahameng ba ho lemoha.Hape, tikolohong ea JADC2, sena se etsa hore litharollo tsa thomo e abuoang li atlehe le ho tiea haholoanyane. ”
CEESIM ea Northrop Grumman ka botšepehi e etsisa maemo a ntoa ea sebele, e fana ka ketsiso ea maqhubu a seea-le-moea (RF) ea li-transmitters tse ngata ka nako e le 'ngoe tse hokahaneng le li-platform tse tsitsitseng. thepa ea ntoa ea elektroniki.Senepe ka thuso ea Northrop Grumman.
Kaha ts'ebetso eohle ke ea digital, pontšo e ka fetoloa ka nako ea sebele ka lebelo la mochine. Mabapi le ho lebisa tlhokomelo, sena se bolela hore lipontšo tsa radar li ka fetoloa ho etsa hore ho be thata ho li lemoha. molemo aterese litšokelo.
'Nete e ncha ea ntoa ea elektronike ke hore matla a maholo a ts'ebetso a etsa hore sebaka sa ntoa se be se matla le ho feta.Ka mohlala, United States le bahanyetsi ba eona ba ntse ba hlahisa likhopolo tsa ts'ebetso bakeng sa palo e ntseng e eketseha ea litsamaiso tsa lifofane tse sa laoloang tse nang le bokhoni bo rarahaneng ba ntoa ea elektronike. Mehato ea ho loantša e tlameha ho ba e tsoetseng pele le e matla ka ho lekana.
Toland o itse: "Mekhoa e mengata e etsa mofuta o itseng oa mosebetsi oa kutlo, joalo ka ntoa ea elektroniki," ho boletse Toland. li-geometri tse ngata.
“Ha se ea tšireletso ea moea feela.U na le litšokelo tse ka bang teng hohle moo u leng teng hona joale.Haeba ba ntse ba buisana, karabelo e boetse e hloka ho itšetleha ka li-platform tse ngata ho thusa balaoli ho lekola boemo le ho fana ka tharollo e sebetsang. ”
Maemo a joalo a ka pelong ea JADC2, ka mokhoa o khopisang le ka mokhoa oa ho itšireletsa.Mohlala oa tsamaiso e ajoang e phethang thomo ea ntoa ea elektroniki e ajoang ke sethala sa sesole se nang le batho ba RF le li-infrared countermeasures tse sebetsang hammoho le sethala sa Sesole se hlahisitsoeng ke moea se sa sebetsoang se sebetsang hape. karolo ea RF countermeasure mission.Tlhahiso ena ea likepe tse ngata, e se nang motho e fana ka balaoli ba li-geometri tse ngata bakeng sa ho lemoha le ho itšireletsa, ha ho bapisoa le ha li-sensor tsohle li le sethaleng se le seng.
Toland o itse: "Sebakeng sa ts'ebetso ea libaka tse ngata tsa Sesole, u ka bona habonolo hore ba hloka ho ba haufi le bona ho utloisisa litšokelo tseo ba tla tobana le tsona."
Ena ke bokhoni ba ts'ebetso ea li-multispectral le matla a matla a motlakase ao Lebotho la Lebotho, Lebotho la Lebotho le Lebotho la Moeeng le li hlokang kaofela.Sena se hloka li-sensor tsa bandwidth tse pharaletseng tse nang le bokhoni bo tsoetseng pele ba ho sebetsa ho laola mefuta e mengata e pharaletseng.
Ho etsa ts'ebetso e joalo ea multispectral, seo ho thoeng ke mission-adaptive sensors se tlameha ho sebelisoa.Multispectral e bua ka mahlaseli a motlakase, a kenyelletsang mefuta e mengata ea maqhubu a koahelang khanya e bonahalang, mahlaseli a infrared, le maqhubu a seea-le-moea.
Ka mohlala, historing, ho lebisa tlhokomelo ho finyelitsoe ka mekhoa ea radar le electro-optical / infrared (EO / IR) . lik'hamera tsa mebala ea digital le lik'hamera tsa infrared tse ngata.Sistimi e tla khona ho bokella lintlha tse ngata ka ho khutlela morao le ho ea pakeng tsa li-sensor ho sebelisa likarolo tse fapaneng tsa motlakase oa motlakase.
LITENING ke electro-optical/infrared targeting pod e khonang ho nka litšoantšo libakeng tse telele le ho arolelana lintlha ka mokhoa o sireletsehileng ka lihokelo tsa data tsa bi-directional plug-and-play data.Senepe sa US Air National Guard Sgt.Bobby Reynolds.
Hape, ho sebelisa mohlala o ka holimo, multispectral ha e bolele hore mochine o le mong oa sepheo o na le bokhoni ba ho kopanya libakeng tsohle tsa spectrum.Ho e-na le hoo, e sebelisa mekhoa e 'meli kapa ho feta e fapaneng ea' mele, e 'ngoe le e' ngoe e utloa ka karolo e itseng ea spectrum, le data. ho tsoa ho sensor ka 'ngoe e kopantsoe hammoho ho hlahisa setšoantšo se nepahetseng haholoanyane sa sepheo.
"Mabapi le ho pholoha, ho hlakile hore o leka hore o se ke oa bonoa kapa oa shejoa.Re na le nalane e telele ea ho fana ka pholoho likarolong tsa maqhubu a infrared le seea-le-moea 'me re na le mehato e sebetsang bakeng sa bobeli. ”
"U batla ho tseba hore na u ntse u rekoa ke mohanyetsi karolong efe kapa efe ea sebono ebe u khona ho fana ka theknoloji e nepahetseng ea li-anti-attack kamoo ho hlokahalang - hore na ke RF kapa IR.Multispectral e ba matla mona hobane u itšetlehile ka bobeli 'me u ka khetha Ke karolo efe ea marang-rang eo u ka e sebelisang, le mokhoa o nepahetseng oa ho sebetsana le tlhaselo.U ntse u lekola tlhahisoleseling ho tsoa ho li-sensor ka bobeli le ho fumana hore na ke eng e ka u sireletsang maemong ana. ”
Artificial intelligence (AI) e phetha karolo ea bohlokoa ho kopanya le ho sebetsana le lintlha tse tsoang ho li-sensor tse peli kapa ho feta bakeng sa ts'ebetso ea multispectral.AI e thusa ho hloekisa le ho arola matšoao, ho tlosa matšoao a thahasello, le ho fana ka litlhahiso tse sebetsang mabapi le tsela e molemohali ea ketso.
AN/APR-39E(V)2 ke mohato o latelang oa ntlafatso ea AN/APR-39, e amohelang temoso ea radar le ntoa ea elektroniki e sirelelitseng lifofane ka lilemo tse mashome. range, kahoo ha ho moo o ka ipatang teng ka bongata.Senepe ka thuso ya Northrop Grumman.
Sebakeng se haufi le litšokelo tsa lithaka, li-sensor le li-effectors li tla ata, ka litšokelo le lipontšo tse ngata tse tsoang US le coalition forces.Hona joale, litšokelo tsa EW tse tsejoang li bolokiloe polokelong ea polokelo ea lifaele tsa data tsa mission tse ka khethollang ho saena ha tsona.Ha tšokelo ea EW e fumanwa, polokelongtshedimosetso e batlisiswa ka lebelo la motjhini bakeng sa tshaeno eo e itseng.Ha tshupiso e bolokilweng e fumanwa, ho tla sebediswa mekgwa e nepahetseng ya ho lekanya.
Leha ho le joalo, seo e leng 'nete ke hore United States e tla tobana le litlhaselo tsa ntoa tsa elektronike tse e-s'o ka li e-ba teng (tse tšoanang le litlhaselo tsa matsatsi a zero ho cybersecurity).Ke hona moo AI e tla kenella teng.
"Nakong e tlang, ha litšokelo li fetoha tse matla le ho fetoha, 'me li ke ke tsa hlola li aroloa, AI e tla thusa haholo ho tsebahatsa litšokelo tseo lifaele tsa hau tsa data li ke keng tsa li etsa," ho boletse Toland.
Li-sensor bakeng sa lintoa tse fapaneng le mesebetsi ea ho ikamahanya le maemo ke karabelo ho lefats'e le fetohang moo bahanyetsi ba ka bang teng ba nang le bokhoni bo tsebahalang bo tsoetseng pele ntoeng ea elektroniki le cyber.
Toland o itse: "Lefatše le fetoha ka potlako, 'me boemo ba rona ba ho itšireletsa bo fetohela ho bahlolisani ba haufi le lithaka, ho phahamisa potlako ea ho amohela mekhoa ena e mecha ea mekhoa e mengata ea ho sebelisa mekhoa le liphello tse ajoang," ho boletse Toland. .”
Ho tsoela pele nakong ena ho hloka ho sebelisa bokhoni ba moloko o latelang le ho matlafatsa bokamoso ba ntoa ea elektroniki.Boitseanape ba Northrop Grumman litabeng tsa ntoa ea elektroniki, cyber and electromagnetic maneuver warfare e akaretsa libaka tsohle - lefats'e, leoatle, moea, sebaka, cyberspace le mabone a motlakase. Litsamaiso tse ngata tsa khamphani, tse sebetsang ka bongata li fa bahlabani ba ntoa melemo ho pholletsa le libaka le ho lumella liqeto tse potlakileng, tse nang le tsebo e ngata 'me qetellong li atlehe mosebetsing.


Nako ea poso: May-07-2022
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